Prayer

Prayer is a blessing of salvation. God uses “means of grace” or unmerited favor to work in our lives. Two primary means of grace are 1. The Word of God and 2. Prayer.

The Word of God serves as a means of salvation. Through the word of God mankind comes to the saving knowledge of Jesus Christ. As Romans 1:16 says of the gospel, “the power of God for salvation.” The Word of God is also a means of sanctification whereby the believer is made aware of the state of our heart, our need for cleansing and in adhering to scripture we are set apart.

Secondly, God has given us prayer as a blessing of salvation and a way in which we can come to Him. You cannot read the Bible and not recognize the importance of prayer.

Yet just as the disciples when they said to Jesus in Luke 11:1, “Lord teach us to pray...”, we often take for granted that we even know how to pray. Paul expressed this in Romans 8:26 when he said, “...we do not know how to pray as we should...but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groaning too deep for words”.

  1. More than Blessing...
    a. Prayer is Commanded

    i. Genesis 18:22 ii. 1 Samuel 12:23

    iii. 2 Kings 19:15 iv. Psalm 5:2

    v. Psalm 32:6
    vi. Jeremiah 29:7

    b. Prayer is more powerful than earthly weapons i. Ezra 8:21-23

    c. Prayer is more important than food & sleep i. Mark 1:35

    ii. Luke 6:12
    d. Prayer is more important than preaching

    i. Acts 6:4

  2. Nature of Prayer

vii. Matt. 5:44; 26:41 viii. Luke 18:1; 21:36

ix. Ephesians 6:18 x. 1 Thess. 5:17,25

xi. 1 Timothy 2:8 xii. James 5:13-16

  1. When asked, “Lord teach us to pray...” this was clearly a request in accordance with His will for Jesus answered in Luke 11:2-4 with the “Model Prayer”

  2. Prayer is Adoration i. Psalm 45:1-8

    ii. Isaiah 6:1-4
    iii. Matt. 14:33; 28:9 iv. Rev. 4:11

  3. Prayer is Confession

Study Notes taken from Henry Clarence Thiessen “Lectures In Systematic Theology”

i. 1 Kings 8:47 ii. Ezra 9:5-10

iii. Nehemiah 1:2-11

iv. Daniel 9:3-19

  1. Prayer is Communion

    i. Gen. 18:33
    ii. Exodus 25:22; 31:18

  2. Prayer is Thanksgiving i. Exodus 15:1-18

    ii. Judges 5
    iii. 2 Samuel 23:1-7 iv. Psalm 95:2

    v. Ephesians 5:20 vi. Col. 4:2

  3. Prayer is Petition

    1. Daniel 2:17; 9:16-19

    2. Matt. 7:7-11

    3. Acts 4:49

  4. Prayer is Supplication i. Daniel 6:11
    ii. Zech. 12:10

    iii. Matt. 15:22-28

    iv. Luke 18:1-8

  5. Prayer is Intercession

    i. Isaiah 59:16
    ii. 1 Samuel 12:23

    iii. Job 42:8

  6. Who do we Intercede for?

    i. All Men: 1 Timothy 2:1 ii. Rulers: 1 Timothy 2:2

    iii. Israel: Psalm 122:6 iv. Unsaved: Luke 23:34

    v. New Believers: 1 Thess. 1:11 vi. Backsliders: 1 John 5:16

    vii. Christian Workers: Eph. 6:19 viii. Enemies: Matt. 5:44

3. Method and Manner of Prayer:
a. Who do we pray to? We pray to the Father, on the merits of the Son, in or

through the Holy Spirit i. The Father

1. Nehemiah 4:9 2. John 16:23
3. Acts 12:5
4. 1 Thess. 5:23

Study Notes taken from Henry Clarence Thiessen “Lectures In Systematic Theology”

  1. The Son
    1. Acts 7:59

    2. 1 Cor. 1:2 3. 2 Cor. 12:8 4. 2 Tim. 2:22

  2. Where does the Spirit fit?
    1. Fellowship 2 Cor. 13:14

    2. In Us: Rom. 8:26; Jude 20

  1. Posture in Prayer: It is not the posture of the body, but that of the heart...

    i. Standing (Mark 11:25; Luke 18:13; John 17:1) ii. Prostrate on the ground (Matt. 26:39)

    iii. Kneeling (1 Kings 8:54; Luke 22:41; Acts 20:36; Eph. 3:14) iv. Lying down in bed (Psalm 63:6)

    v. Walking on the water (Matt. 14:30) vi. Sitting down (1 Kings 18:42)

    vii. Hanging on a cross (Luke 23:43)

  2. The Time of Prayer: Always

    i. Always (Luke 18:1; Eph. 6:18)
    ii. Set Times (Psalm 55:17; Daniel 6:10; Acts 3:1)

    iii. Before Meals (Matt. 14:19; Acts 27:35)
    iv. Special Occasion (Luke 6:12; 22:39-46; John 6:15)

    v. Draw near with confidence...(Hebrews 4:16)

  3. The Place of Prayer: Everywhere in Every Place

    i. Secret or Solitary Place (Daniel 6:10; Matt. 6:6; Mark 1:35; Matt. 14:23) ii. Together (Matt. 18:19; Acts 1:14; 12:5; 20:36)

    iii. Before the unsaved (Acts 16:25; Acts 27:35)

    iv. Everywhere (1 Tim. 2:8)

  4. How to Act in Prayer: Who are you representing?

    i. No pretense, acting or drama (Matt. 6:16-18) ii. No meaningless words or repetition (Matt. 6:7)

    iii. Orderly (1 Cor. 14:40; Acts 1:24-26; 4:24-31; 12:5; 13:1-3)

  5. Consider your heart: The most important part of prayer is your heart

    i. Freedom from Sin (Psalm 66:18; Proverbs 28:9; Isaiah 59:1) ii. Unselfish in our requests (James 4:2)

    iii. Ask according to His will (1 John 5:14)
    iv. Forgiving those who have wronged you (Matt. 6:12; Mark 11:25)

    v. Ask in Christs Name (John 14:13; 15:16; 16:23) vi. Praying in the Spirit (Eph. 6:18; Jude 20)

    vii. Ask in Faith (Matt. 21:22; James 1:6)
    viii. Ask in Earnestness (Luke 18:1-8; Col. 4:12; James 5:16)

Study Notes taken from Henry Clarence Thiessen “Lectures In Systematic Theology”